TURKISH RUG DALLAS
Carpet, which is the traditional art of the Turks, has an important place in our art history.
The Pazyryk carpet, the oldest known carpet, was made by the Turks. Although not certain, we can state that carpet is a product brought to our civilization of Turks.
The reason why the carpet first developed in Central Asia is that the main economic resource of the Turks, who have a nomadic steppe culture, is animal husbandry.
Early Turkish Rugs
We come across the first knotted carpet samples in Turks living in Central Asia before the 3rd century. In the past, weaves similar to animal skins were obtained by knotting wool threads, and over time these weavings have become today’s carpets.
From the 11th century, the carpet started to spread from Central Asia to the West through the Seljuk Turks. Although carpet samples belonging to the Great Seljuk Empire have not been found, some carpet samples belonging to the Anatolian Seljuk Period are still available today. These 13th-century rugs have dark blue and dark red soles and the motifs on the carpet are in light red or light blue. Although there are not many color varieties, the intensity of color use and the harmony created by geometric shapes inform you that you are looking at a work of art.
Ottoman Palace Rugs
In addition to the centuries-old development of Seljuk carpet art in Anatolia, a new carpet group draws the attention from the middle of the 16th century. Carpets are made with materials such as silk, wool, gold. Vivid and bright colors are dominant in the rich motif. In the second half of the 15th century, this type of carpet, different from the classical understanding of Anatolia, was called Ottoman palace rugs. Leaf and flower elements identified with the Ottoman art also found a place in carpet art. These carpets changed their style after Tabriz joined the Ottoman Empire. In this context, the patterns are fine and in some different varieties, and the Ghiordes Knot was abandoned and carpets were made with the Persian Knot, as it required care and delicacy in its construction. With Westernization, motifs such as baroque cartridges, rococo glazes, oyster shells, s, and c fold still live and landscapes were seen on the carpet.
The Value of Turkish Carpet
Hand-woven wool developed abundant in animal husbandry in Turkey constitute the core of the carpet. The wool yarns used in the warp and weft of the carpet are treated with natural root dyes in order not to fade quickly, and its durability has increased the life of the carpet. The high number of knots tied per square centimeter is another point that extends the life of the carpet.
Motifs such as diamond slice, cleft belly, hand on waist, rose, rosary, vase, wolf mouth, sword, eagle, double bow, cloud, cup, hand and hundreds of flowers, herbs and animals are known throughout the world by combining with the imaginations of Turkish girls, and it has become desirable.